Periods & Styles - British, French & German

Know your Dates and Styles

Often antique items age and appearance is decsribed by a style or period. These can be a little confusing and difficult to remember, hence the following tables to help with future reference.

Following are fast links to information below:

British Periods


DatesPeriod
1688 - 1694
William & Mary
1694 - 1702
William III
1702 - 1714
Anne
Queen Anne
1714 - 1727
George I
Early Georgian
1727 - 1760
George II
Early Georgian
1760 - 1811
George III
Late Georgian
DatesPeriod
1811 - 1820
George III
Regency
1820 - 1830
George IV
Regency
1830 - 1837
William IV
1837 - 1901
Victoria
Victorian
1901 - 1910
Edward VII
Edwardian

French Periods


DatesPeriod
1643 - 1715
Louise XIV
1715 - 1723
Regence
1723 - 1774
Louis XV
1774 - 1793
Louis XVI
1793 - 1799
Directoire
DatesPeriod
1799 - 1815
Empire
1815 - 1830
Restauration
1830 - 1848
Louise Philippe
1848 - 1870
2nd Empire
1871 - 1940
3rd Republic

German Periods/styles


DatesPeriod
c.1650 - 1700
Renaissance/Baroque
c.1700 - 1730
Baroque
c.1730 - 1760
Rococo
c.1760 - 1800
Neo-classicism
DatesPeriod
c.1800 - 1815
Empire
c1815 - 1848
Biedermeier
c.1830 - 1880
Revivale
c.1880 - 1920
Jugendstil

Design Styles


Styles are normally associated with a period, so when something is described as "In the style of..." then this describes the approximate design that an items most closely relates to.

Following are some of the main styles and the date periods they are most commonly found. There is no reason why an item can not be of a particular style after this period however it is very rare to be of that style prior to the outlined date periods.

StyleDatesElements
Gothic
1558 - 1625
Pillars, arches and semi-circular decoration and motif, with roots in Islamic architecture later refered to 'Christian style'
Baroque
c.1620 - 1700
Dramatic in style, unusual angles, predominately German
Rococo
c.1695 - 1760
Lavish carving and ornaments
Neo-classical
c.1755 - 1805
Incorporation of classical Greek motifs such as pillars, pediments and overall linearity
Empire
c.1799 - 1815
Restrained linearity and metal mounts
Regency
c.1812 - 1830
Motifs such as lion's paws and heads, Egyptian spines and much use of gliding for ornamentation
Eclectic
c.1830 - 1880
Floral motifs such as acanthus and adoption of complex curvilinear design
Arts and Crafts
c.1880 - 1900
Use of floral decoration and the emulation of a Mediaeval approach to manufacture
Art Nouveau
c.1900 - 1920
The tulip motive and mainly sinuous decoration were popular
Art Deco
c.1920 - 1930
A reaction against the earlier Arts and Crafts period. Some features include linearity in design and veneering

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